The Status of Noncombatants


Executive Summary

Keynote Address

Brigadier General Charles Dunlap, USAF


Noncombatants: Rights and Responsibilities


“Terrorism and Response: A Moral Inquiry into the Killing of Noncombatants”

Dr. Camillo C. Bica, School of Visual Arts


Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Can We Ever Justify Attacking Noncombatants?”

Captain Christopher Mayer, USM Academy at West Point


Noncombatants and Increased Risk to Soldiers


“The Ethics of Complex Contingencies: Operation IRAQI FREEDOM”

Lieutenant Colonel Tony Pfaff, USA


“On the Moral Importance of Noncombatants”

Major Michael Carlino, USA


“Are there Noncombatants in MOOTW and Homeland Security Activities?”

Dr. Eric Wingrove-Haugland, USCG Academy


Some New Ideas about Right Intention


“Warfare, Hell, and the Best Intentons:  Getting Rid of Right Intentions as a Jus ad Bellum Criterion”

Captain Marc O. Hedahl, USAF Academy


“Giving Right Intention Its Due”

Major Charles McIntyre, USAF Academy


“Double Effect, Double Intention, and Asymmetric Warfare”

Dr. Steven Lee, Visiting Fellow, USN Academy


Intersections of Morality in War and the Law


“Military Tribunals: Necessary Expedient or Lethal Impediment to the Moral Legitimacy of the War on Terror”

Lieutenant Colonel Jeffrey S. Wilson, USM Academy at West Point


“Ethical Implications for Military Defense Attorneys Assigned to Represent Enemy Combatants in Military Commissions”

Lieutenant Keith Ryan, USCG Reserve, US Department of Health and Human Services


“The Maritime War on Terror and the Rights of Neutrals: In Need of a Course Change”

Midshipman Frank Megna, US Merchant Marine Academy


Jus ad Bellum: Protecting Noncombatants and the Causes of War


“War on Behalf of Noncombatants?”

Lieutenant Commander John D. Carlson, USNR, University of Chicago


“Worthy and Unworthy Wars: A Critique of Just War Reasoning”

Dr. Tim Challans, US Army Command and General Staff College


“Protecting the Innocent and Intervention”

Dr. Stephen D. Wrage, USN Academy


“Protecting Noncombatants from Biological Weapons:  The Rights and Obligations of States”

Captain Michael W. Brough, USM Academy at West Point


Jus in Bello:  Some Suggestions about Noncombatants and the Rules of Engagement


“Moral Obligations to a Modern Enemy: The Combatant/Noncombatant Distinction in Light of Terrorism”

Cadet First Class Brandon B. Cole, USAF Academy


“Five Steps to Noncombatant Protection”

Dr. Pauline M. Kaurin, Pacific Lutheran University


“Engaging Noncombatants and the Use or Moral Imagination”

Ms. Julia Ragatz, Marquette University


“From Three to One: “Rethinking the ‘Three-Block War’ and Humanitarian Operations in Combat”

Dr. Reuben E. Brigety II, American University


Jus in Bello: Precision Guided Munitions and Morality in War


“Beyond Precision: Issues of Morality and Decision Making in Minimizing Collateral Causalities”

Lieutenant Colonel Dwight A. Roblyer, USAF, National Defense Fellow, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


“The Moral Case for Improved Technology, Training and Intelligence”

Mr. Michael Skerker, University of Chicago


“Standoff Ethics”

Lieutenant Colonel Tim Cathcart, USAF, National Guard Bureau Staff


Jus in Bello: Direct Attacks on Noncombatants?


“May the Well-Being of Noncombatants be Directly Attacked as a Tool of War?”

Dr. Robert G. Kennedy, University of St. Thomas


Countervalue Nuclear Warfare:  The Limit Case of Noncombatant Immunity”

Lieutenant Colonel John Mark Mattox, USA, Headquarters, United States European Command


“Noncombatant Immunity and Truman’s Decision”

Dr. Richard Schoonhoven, USM Academy at West Point


Jus in Bello: Some Blurred Distinctions


“Guerrillas, Terrorists, Contractors and Voters—A Case for a Sliding Scale of Partial Civilian Immunity”

Dr. Davida Kellogg, University of Maine


“The Ethics of Assassination: When are Political Leaders Legitimate Targets?”

Dr. Whitley R. P. Kaufman, University of Massachusetts-Lowell


“Applying the Rules of Just War Theory to Engineers in the Arms Industry”

Dr. Aaron Fichtelberg, University of North Carolina--Wilmington


“Intelligence Collection Efforts and the Combatant/Noncombatant Distinction: Permissions and Prohibitions on Information Gathering”

Major William D. Casebeer, USAF Academy


JSCOPE Undergraduate Panel


“A Moral Analysis of the Impact of War’s Destruction of Civil Services on Noncombatants: Atlanta and Baghdad”

Midshipman John Pierczynski, USN Academy


“Do We Need to Reinterpret Combatant/Noncombatant Distinctions for Extended Occupational Forces Acting in an Empire-Like Capacity?”

Midshipman Tyson Meadors, USN Academy


“Double Effect”

Midshipman A.S. Martin, USN Academy