Moral Issues in Military Intervention

Executive Summary



Keynote Address

                         Professor Nicholas Fotion
                         Emory University

                         All Kinds of Intervention




Intervention Part One: In Theory


“On the Obligation to Conduct World Police Work”

Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Zupan, USMA


Who Should Intervene? The Legitimate Authority Question and the Use of Military Force in Former Yugoslavia (1991-1995)

Dr. Carl Ceulemans, Royal Military Academy–Brussels, Belgium


From Jus ad Bellum to Jus ad Pacem:  Rethinking Just War Criteria for the Use of Military Force for Humanitarian Ends

Dr. George Lucas, USNA


“Humanitarian Intervention: The Nature and Limits of Moral Responsibility”

Dr. Fred van Iersel, Netherlands National Defense College




Intervention Part Two: In Practice


“Force Protection in Peacekeeping and International Intervention”

Ms. Julie Ragatz, University of Saint Thomas


“The Strategic and Moral Dimensions of Nuclear Intervention:  A Preliminary Appraisal”

Lieutenant Colonel John Mark Mattox, USA

Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe


"After the Cold War"

Major Donald Canady, USA, California State University at Fresno (unable to attend)


Essays on Professional Military Ethics


“The Warrior's Code”

Dr. Shannon French, USNA


“From Earth-Shakers to Peace-Makers: The ‘Warrior-Hero’ in a Post-Professional Ethos”

Dr. Judith A. Johnson, Claremont (CA) Graduate University


“Does Professional Ethics Fail the Profession of Arms?”

Dr. Robert G. Kennedy, University of Saint Thomas


“The Washington Post Test: Integrity’s Last Stand”

Captain Marc Hedahl, USAFA


Moral Development and Moral Psychology


“The Impact of Discretion within Honor Systems at Undergraduate Military Colleges on the Character Development of their Cadets”

Cadet First Class Wynne Beers, USMA


“A Preliminary Survey on the Moral Reasoning and Attitudes toward Authoritarianism, Collectivism, and Filial Piety of Two Military Academies in Taiwan”

Wei-Lee Lu, Fon-Yean Chang, Sheng-Te Chang, Jong-Yun Hao, Tien-Hsing Yang, Chin-Ping Wang, Chih-Hung Lee, and Chin-Ping Yang, Chinese Naval Academy-Taiwan.


“On the Psychology of Moral Cognition and Resistance to Erroneous Authoritative and Group-think Demands During a Military Intelligence Analysis Gaming Exercise”

Captain Jeffrey Bordin, U.S. Army Reserve



Banquet Address


Dr. Len Marrella, author of  In Search of Ethics



Intervention Part Three: How to Decide


“The Morally Good State and Its Intervention Obligations”

Major David M. Barnes, Simon Center, USMA


“A Framework for Intervention”

So Won Silas Ahn


“A Just War and the Humanitarian Connection”

Dr. Antje Mays, Winthrop University


“Aerospace Intervention: Justifying 21st Century Air Force Operations”

Lieutenant Colonel Larry D. Youngner, USAF


Non-Combatant Immunity


“Innocence Lost: The Future of the Combatant/Non-Combatant Distinction”

Dr. Pauline M. Kaurin, Pacific Lutheran University


“The Imperative of Immunity"

Reuben E. Brigety, II, Human Rights Watch


“War Crimes Tribunals”

Dr. Davida Kellogg, University of Maine



Ethics and Intelligence Operations


“Some Reflections on Intelligence Ethics”

Captain William Casebeer, USAFA


“Bungee Jumping off the Moral Highground: The Ethics of Espionage in the Modern Age”

Major Charles A. Pfaff, USA


More Moral Problems, Old and New


                       “Understanding Our Odd Bedfellow: The Trouble with Professional News Media Ethics–A Military Perspective”

Major Kent P. Cassella, USA


“Ethical Considerations When Combating Asymmetric Warfare”

Lieutenant Commander David C. Hagen, USNR