Moral Issues in Military Intervention





JSCOPE 2002: “Moral Issues in Military Intervention” convened January 24 and 25, attracting over 250 participants to the Hilton Springfield Hotel in Springfield, Virginia.  Participants from five foreign countries attended, as well as midshipmen and cadets from all the US service academies.  Professor Nicholas Fotion delivered an excellent keynote address titled “All Kinds of Intervention,” discussing the need for a theory of “exceptions” that identifies when we can justly intervene in the affairs of another sovereign entity.  Dr. Len Marrella delivered an inspiring banquet address, discussing the importance of a firm commitment to an ethical life.





The members of the JSCOPE Executive Board for 2002-2003 are as follows:


Colonel Tony Hartle, USA Representative.  Chairman, Department of English, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY  10996-1791, E-mail:

Lieutenant Colonel William H. Rhodes, USAF Representative. Head,  Department of Philosophy, USAF Academy, CO 80840-6256, E-mail:

Commander Rob Ayer, USCG Representative. Department of  Humanities(DH), US Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT 06320

Commander Joseph Catoe, USN Representative. Department of History, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis,  Maryland  21402

Dr. Frances V. Harbour, Civilian Representative. Department of Public/Int'l Affairs, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive,  Fairfax, VA 22030

Colonel Kenneth A. Strain, Canadian Forces Representative. Director, Defence Ethics, Major-General G. R. Pearkes Building, 8 CBS, 101 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Canada K1A OK2

Lieutenant Colonel William Stooksbury, USMC Representative. Center for Study of Professional Military Ethics, United States Naval Academy,  Annapolis,  Maryland  21402



JSCOPE 2003 will be held in late January, most likely at the Springfield Hilton hotel once again.  Check back at the website soon for the call for papers.





The program and the actual papers presented appear elsewhere on the JSCOPE web page.  The authors are listed below alphabetically for your convenience, with hyperlinks to their papers where available.



Lieutenant So Won Silas Ahn, USN, “A Framework for Intervention”


Major David M. Barnes, Simon Center, USMA, “The Morally Good State and Its Intervention Obligations”


Cadet First Class Wynne Beers, USMA, “The Impact of Discretion within Honor Systems at Undergraduate Military Colleges on the Character Development of their Cadets”


Captain Jeffrey Bordin, U.S. Army Reserve, “On the Psychology of Moral Cognition and Resistance to Erroneous Authoritative and Group-think Demands During a Military Intelligence Analysis Gaming Exercise”


Reuben E. Brigety, II, Human Rights Watch, “The Imperative of Immunity"


Major Donald Canady, USA, California State University at Fresno (unable to attend),  "After the Cold War"


Captain William Casebeer, USAFA, “Some Reflections on Intelligence Ethics”


Major Kent P. Cassella, USA, “Understanding Our Odd Bedfellow: The Trouble with Professional News Media Ethics–A Military Perspective”


Dr. Carl Ceulemans, Royal Military Academy–Brussels, Belgium, Who Should Intervene? The Legitimate Authority Question and the Use of Military Force in Former Yugoslavia (1991-1995)


Dr. Shannon French, USNA, “The Warrior's Code”


Lieutenant Commander David C. Hagen, USNR, “Ethical Considerations When Combating Asymmetric Warfare”


Captain Marc Hedahl, USAFA, “The Washington Post Test: Integrity’s Last Stand”


Dr. Fred van Iersel, Netherlands National Defense College, “Humanitarian Intervention: The Nature and Limits of Moral Responsibility”


Dr. Judith A. Johnson, Claremont (CA) Graduate University, “From Earth-Shakers to Peace-Makers: The ‘Warrior-Hero’ in a Post-Professional Ethos”


Dr. Pauline M. Kaurin, Pacific Lutheran University, “Innocence Lost: The Future of the Combatant/Non-Combatant Distinction”


Dr. Davida Kellogg, University of Maine, “War Crimes Tribunals”


Dr. Robert G. Kennedy, University of Saint Thomas, “Does Professional Ethics Fail the Profession of Arms?”


Wei-Lee Lu, Fon-Yean Chang, Sheng-Te Chang, Jong-Yun Hao, Tien-Hsing Yang, Chin-Ping Wang, Chih-Hung Lee, and Chin-Ping Yang, Chinese Naval Academy-Taiwan, “A Preliminary Survey on the Moral Reasoning and Attitudes toward Authoritarianism, Collectivism, and Filial Piety of Two Military Academies in Taiwan”


Dr. George Lucas, USNA, From Jus ad Bellum to Jus ad Pacem:  Rethinking Just War Criteria for the Use of Military Force for Humanitarian Ends


Lieutenant Colonel John Mark Mattox, USA, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, “The Strategic and Moral Dimensions of Nuclear Intervention:  A Preliminary Appraisal”


Dr. Antje Mays, Winthrop University, “A Just War and the Humanitarian Connection”


Major Charles A. Pfaff, USA, “Bungee Jumping off the Moral High Ground: The Ethics of Espionage in the Modern Age”




Ms. Julie Ragatz, University of Saint Thomas, “Force Protection in Peacekeeping and International Intervention”


Lieutenant Colonel Larry D. Youngner, USAF, “Aerospace Intervention: Justifying 21st Century Air Force Operations”


Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Zupan, USMA, “On the Obligation to Conduct World Police Work”