International Society on Military Ethics (formerly JSCOPE)


2008 Program


University of San Diego

January 24-25, 2008


Keynote Address:

“Military Ethicists:  What are they Good For?”

Charles R. Myers, Ph.D., J.D., Col, USAF (retired)

Professor Emeritus, USAFA


Opening Plenary Session:


“Selective Disobedience in Unjust Wars”

Chair:  Nicholas Fotion, Emory University


1.  “Integrity and Selective Conscientious Objection,”

Prof. Paul Robinson, University of Ottawa

2.  “A Just Soldier’s Dilemma: Facing a War that does not meet Jus ad Bellum Criteria,”

Prof. Frances V. Harbour, George Mason University

3.  “Irresponsible Volunteerism & Selective Conscientious Objection,”

Prof. Peter Tramel, USMA (West Point)


Concurrent Sessions I


Track One:  Military Obedience and Conscientious Objection

Chair:  Dr. James Wagman, Prof. Emeritus, Michigan State University


1.  “Professional Integrity and Disobedience in the Military,”

Dr. Jessica Wolfendale, Center for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, University of Melbourne (Australia)

2.  “Professional Obligation, Conscientious Objection, and the Military,”

Prof. Andrew Fiala, Cal State University-Fresno

3.  Jus in Bello Proportionality and Unjust Wars,” MAJ Stephen N. Woodside, USMA (West Point)


Track Two:  Ethical Challenges of Contemporary Warfare: Nonmilitary Contractors

Chair:  CAPT Robert Schoultz, USN (retired)

Director, Master’s in Global Leadership Studies program, University of San Diego


1.  “Outsourcing War:  How Contracting Threatens the Military Profession,”

Prof. William C. Latham, Jr., U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (Ft. Leavenworth)

2.  “Method and Discipline: Are Private Military Contractors Adequately Controlled for Current Applications?”

Prof. Virginia Gerde and Mr. Landon Bell, Donahue School of Business, Duquesne University


Track Three:  Emerging Issues in Just War Theory

Chair:  COL Jeff McCausland, Ph.D., USA (retired)

Senior Fellow, Carnegie Council


1.  “The Clausewitzian Trinity in the Information Age: A Just War Approach,”

COL John Mark Mattox, USA, Commandant, Defense Nuclear Weapons School

2.  “When War Collides With Peace:  Jus Post Bellum in Violence-Prone, Post-Conflict Settings,”

Prof. Rebecca J. Johnson, American University School of International Service

3.  “The Proper Objects of Moral Evaluation are not Individual Wars but Policies,”

Prof. Randall Dipert, SUNY-Buffalo


Concurrent Sessions II


Track One:  Military Obedience and Conscientious Objection

Chair:  Dr. Tom Grassey, Stockdale Professor of Ethics, Naval War College


1.  “Conscientious Objection to Military Service in South Korea,”

LCDR Kijoo Kim, Naval Service, Republic of South Korea

2.  “On the Legitimacy of Grounds for Recognizing Claims of Conscientious Objection,”

Prof. David Lefkowitz, University of North Carolina-Greensboro

3.  “Psychiatric Evaluation of Conscientious Objector Claims,”

Ansar Haroun, M.D., USA Reserve


Track Two:  Ethical Challenges of Contemporary Warfare

Chair:  Ms. Alice E. Hunt, Center for a New American Security, Washington, DC


1.  “The Law on Civil Combat Immunity:  Friend or Foe for British Forces,”

Dr. Rachel Nir, Senior Lecturer, University of Central Lancashire (UK)

2.  “Orders to Assist: A Moral Justification for the Deployment of Enlisted Soldiers on Humanitarian Missions,”

Dr. William Feldman, Oxford University (Nuffield College)


Track Three:  Emerging Issues in Just War Theory

Chair:  Dr. David L. Perry, Army War College


1.  “The History of the Categorical Prohibition Against Torture in U.S. Military Doctrine,”

Dr. Lawrence P. Rockwood

2.  “Torture is for Amateurs—Civil and Military Perspectives on Abusive versus non-Abusive Interrogation Techniques”

Dr. Jean Maria Arrigo, Project on Ethics and Art in Testimony


Special Plenary:  “Ethical Leadership”


Chair:  Dr. Albert Pierce, Director

Institute for National Security, Ethics and Leadership


1.  “Ethical Leadership—Toward a Developmental Framework”

LT COL Sean T. Hannah, Ph.D., Director, Leadership & Management Studies, USMA (West Point)

2.  “Ethical Decision-Making Research and Application,”

Elizabeth K. Holmes, Director of Assessment, Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, US Naval Academy

3.  “Developing Future Leaders: Amending the ‘Capstone’ Concept,”

COL Donald Vandergriff, USA (retired) Army Capabilities Integration Center Forward (ARCIC-FWD; Wash, DC)


Banquet Address

“Should Members of the Military Refuse to Fight in Immoral Wars?  A Case for Selective Conscientious Objection”

Prof. J. Carl Ficarrotta, USAFA


Opening Plenary Address

“The Revolt of the Generals”

Prof. Martin L. Cook, USAFA


Concurrent Sessions III


Track One:  Military Obedience and Conscientious Objection

Chair:  Dr. Mary Lou Kendrigan, Lansing Community College


1.  “A Sincere and Meaningful Belief:  Legal Conscientious Objection during the Vietnam War,”

Ms. Jean Anne Mansavage, Texas A&M University

2.  “On the Moral Acceptability of “Befehl ist Befehl,”

Mr. Kevin M. Bond, University of Tennessee-Knoxville


Track Two:  Ethical Challenges of Contemporary Warfare: Non-Lethal Weapons

Chair:  Prof. Daida Kellogg


1.  “With Fear and Trembling: A Qualified Defense of “non-Lethal” Weapons,”

Dr. Pauline M. Kaurin, Pacific Lutheran University

2.  “A Warrior’s Place: the Impact of Non-Lethal Weapons Upon the Modern Combatant,”

Prof. Calvin B. Moore, Pacific Lutheran University


Track Three:  Emerging Issues in Just War Theory

Chair:  Prof. Thomas W. McShane, J.D., Army Command and General Staff College (Ft. Gordon campus)


1.  “The Just War Principle of Legitimate Authority,”

Prof. John W. Lango, Hunter College (CUNY)

2.  “Supreme Emergencies and a Prima Facie version of Just War Theory,”

Prof. Patricia Steck, Century College (MN)

3.  “Is the Doctrine of Preemption a Legitimate Element of the Just War Tradition,

Prof. Robert G. Kennedy, University of St. Thomas (MN)