CONFERENCE ON PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
2005 attracted nearly 200 participants at the Hilton Springfield Hotel in Springfield,
Virginia, once again, this year on 27-28
January. Participants from six foreign
countries attended, as well as cadets and midshipmen from all the US
McCausland presented the keynote address. He raised important issues concerning
preemption and nature of the major threats we face today. His talk included his observations from his
recent trip to Iraq. He drew a distinction between preemption and
preventive war and suggested that officers are likely to face increasing
uncertainty in the future.
Lucas, United States Naval Academy, was the after-dinner
speaker. He gave an insightful critique
of the role analogical thinking plays in just war theory and cautioned us all
to recognize both the strengths and weaknesses of such thinking.
undergraduate panel fulfilled the promise of last year's inaugural panel and
confirmed our commitment to make it a permanent part of JSCOPE.
2005 saw the first special interest session on the Ethics of Intelligence.
as a Manifestation of Hegemonic Power: Rome, Britain, and the US”
Dr. Paul F. Robinson, University
“This is no
Petty Case of Right and Wrong”
Colonel Reed R.
Bonadonna, USMCR, US Merchant Marine Academy
Pre-emptive War in Light of Battered Spouse Self-Defense”
Lieutenant Commander Michael Hallett, USNR, University
“No Justice, No
Peace? Pre-emptive, Preventive and Humanitarian Intervention and the Imbalance
Dr. Vijay Mascarenhas, Metro State College
Uncertainty, and Jus ad Bellum”
Major Jesse W. Zuck, US Military Academy (paper to be read
by Major Michael Jaskowiec)
“Is the Doctrine
of Pre-emption a Legitimate Element of the Just War Tradition?”
Dr. Robert G. Kennedy, Saint
“Birth of a
Nation: Planning for Regime Change Operations”
Dr. Timothy L. Challans, School of Advanced Military Studies
“Obeying Orders Under Duress: A
Proposed Role for Ethics Committees in the Military”
Dr. Jan W. Wojcik, Auburn
From Combat to Social Contract”
Dr. Shannon E. French, US Naval Academy
“What’s in a Word?
Getting Clear on What We Mean by ‘Pre-emption’”
Lieutenant Colonel John
Mark Mattox, US Army
“What’s Wrong with Pre-emptive War?”
Dr. Whitley R. P. Kaufman, University of
Difficulties with ‘Pre-emptive War’”
Dr. James Stieb, Drexel
and the Epistemological Dimension of the Morality of War”
Dr. Randall R. Dipert, University
at Buffalo (SUNY)
Profession: A Look at Military
Contractors and their Impact on the Profession of Arms”
Captain Marc O. Hedahl, US Air Force
Dr. Lawrence A. Lengbeyer, US Naval Academy
“The Pomo O”
Major Mark S. Swiatek, US Air Force
Inequality of Professional Officers”
Dr. Roger Wertheimer
JSCOPE Undergraduate Panel
Cadet Cassandra Keyes, US Military
(Pre-emptive) Self-defense: The Need for a Modern Approach”
Cadet Sarah Champion, Royal
How the Presence of Terror Groups in a State Affects Interstate Relations”
Cadet Jacob M. Brady, US Military
Preemption and Extreme Circumstances”
Cadet Ryan K. Stanley, Royal
“The Anthropic Prohibition on Preemption”
Midshipman Kurt W. Albaugh, US
Cadet Tony Gregg, US Coast
Detention and Interrogation”
Tony Pfaff, US Army (paper to be read by Dr. Jeffrey Tiel)
Pre-emption and the Moral Prescriptions Within
Trinitarian and Nontrinitarian War”
Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Scott Westhusing, US Military
Academy (paper to be read by Major Mike Saxon)
Ethicists’ Role in Preventing and Treating Perpetration-Induced Traumatic
Syndrome (PITS) in Combat Veterans”
Major Pete Kilner, Pennsylvania
Preemption: Just War Theory May Not Be the Law, but It Is a Good Idea”
Adam Weinstein, North
Broward Preparatory School
Dr. Steven Lee, Hobart
and William Smith
Just War: Considering the Case of Iraq”
Chaplain (Colonel) Franklin Eric Wester, US Army
(Moral) Circumstances of Preventive War”
Dr. Stephen E. Lammers, Lafayette
Intervention as a Pre-emptive Military Action:
Issues to be Addressed”
Dr. Joanne K. Lekea, Hellenic Air
Force Academy/University of Athens
the Standing of Statehood in Evaluating Pre-emptive Wars”
Dr. Jeffrey Tiel, Ashland University
‘Pre-Emptive’, I Say ‘Precipitive…”
Major Daniel Wetmore, US Air Force
JSCOPE Special Interest Section, Ethics and Intelligence
(Facilitated by the Carnegie Council on Ethics and
“Ethical Issues in
Intelligence: A Practitioner's Perspective”
Major Troy S.
Thomas, US Air Force, Joint Military Intelligence College/School of Advanced Warfare
“Ethics, Intelligence, and
Reuben E. Brigity
II, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Government & Politics, George Mason University
“The Ethics of
Record Keeping in Intelligence”
Lawrence Rockwood, California
State University at San Marcos & International
Museum of Human Rights at San Diego
The Business Meeting
The members of the JSCOPE
Executive Board for 2004-05 were:
Colonel Bill Rhodes (Ret), USAF Representative and Chairman
Fairchild Drive, Suite 6l37
Colonel Daniel Zupan, USA
Department of English
States Military Academy
Fran Harbour, Civilian Representative
Dept. of Public/Int’l Affairs
Dale Bateman, USCG Representative
of Humanities (DH)
London, CT 06320
Robert Schoultz, USN Representative
United States Naval Academy
117 Decatur Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402
Jean-Luc Milot, Canadian Forces Representative
Director of Defence
MGen Pearkes Bldg
101 Colonel By drive
Ottawa Ontario Canada K1A OK2
Colonel Mike Campbell, USMC Representative
Campbell was recovering from surgery and was represented at the meeting by LTC
States Naval Academy
Bateman, Harbour, Rupp, and Zupan come up for reelection in
The content of the meeting follows.
1. We are very
grateful to Dr. George Lucas who volunteered
to be the Program Chair, replacing Dr. Carl Ficarrotta who stepped down after
many years of unparalleled service.
2. The board members
agreed to provide names of people from their institutions who will serve as
referees for next year's JSCOPE submissions.
3. The board agreed
in principle to support in some way the APA's
Committee on Public Philosophy. The
details have yet to be worked out. Dr.
Roger Wertheimer is our point of contact for this initiative.
4. The board agreed
to send out this year's ballot electronically sometime after the conclusion of
the conference. We felt it appropriate
to do so in order to give us time to respond to JSCOPE
participants' suggestions and capture those suggestions in the ballot. Also, sending the ballot out electronically
will allow everyone who paid to participate in JSCOPE
2005 to vote, even if other duties prevented their actually attending.
5. The board agreed
once again to review the status of JSCOPE; our
status has been one of unincorporated association.
6. We agreed to seek
a parent organization that could take on much of the administrative work of JSCOPE
and would clearly establish JSCOPE as an
academic conference. Initial
a. The Executive
Board and voting participants of JSCOPE would
maintain control over the topic/content of the conference.
b. We will change the
name of the conference to eliminate any references to the Joint Services, thus
clearly indicating our non-DOD status.
c. The parent
organization would finance the travel of the chairman whenever the chairman is
not part of an institution that supports his or her travel.
7. Many participants
expressed a desire for more time to network at the conference. In response, we will make Thursday's lunch a 2-hour
period. We will look for other ways to
provide more time for participants to meet each other and discuss the important
issues of the day. The board recognizes,
that is, that much of the benefit of such conferences comes by way of informal
discussion and establishing of friendships and contacts.
8. Responding to
concerns that the presentations became somewhat redundant, we have decided to
change the format for next year's JSCOPE. We will start with a plenary session on a
primary theme as decided upon by ballot.
Subsequent breakout sessions will address that primary theme as well as
other issues of interest to presenters.
Those other issues will likely reflect themes from the ballot that
garnered a significant number of votes.
9. We will accept
panel proposals for JSCOPE 2006. The general format will require each panel
member to give a short -- 5 minute -- talk; the primary purpose of the panel
will be to stimulate plenary discussion.
10. In order to
provide more time for discussion of presentations, we decided to limit each
presenter to 15 minutes. This will allow
for much better question and answer interchange.
11. The initial
deadline for submissions will be 15
September 2005 for all categories.
We want to thank CAPT Bob Schoultz,
Colonel Kenneth Strain, and Lieutenant Colonel Mike Campbell for all their hard
work, insight, and professionalism while they served on the Executive
Committee. They did much to enhance this
important conference. We must offer a
special note of gratitude to Dr. Carl Ficarrotta who has sustained this
conference for many years as our program director. He has been the driving force behind JSCOPE,
and we shall miss his wit, intelligence, compassion, and professionalism. Perhaps now, unburdened by the
responsibilities of running the program, he will grace us with a presentation
at an upcoming conference. Thanks, Carl.
Submissions for JSCOPE 2006
must be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org; the forthcoming Call for Papers will
indicate this new address and will provide new guidance for lengths of
presentations. We should, by that time,
also know the dates.
Thanks to all those who made JSCOPE
a success again this year. We truly
appreciate your commitment to furthering the dialogue about the ethics of our
profession, a dialogue as important now as ever it has been.