ISME/JSCOPE Bibliography

We are always looking for new articles, books and movies on military ethics to add to our bibliography.

This bibliography was originally compiled by J.H. Toner, Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, Jan 95.  It now contains additions by ISME/JSCOPE volunteers.

If you have access, also visit this Air University site:

Or this site compiled by the Army War College:



(Besides what’s listed here, consult the Journal of Military Ethics).


Bahnsen, John C., and Robert W. Cone. “Defining the American Warrior Leader.” Parameters, December 1990, 24-28.

Boyd, William P. “Men of Character, Principles of Honor?” Army, September 1985, 22-29.

Brennan, Joseph G. “Ambition and Careerism.” Naval War College Review 44 (Winter 1991): 76-82.

“Ethics Instruction in the Military: Teach Them Plato or Hammer It into Their Heads.” Naval War College Review 42 (Autumn 1989): 55-65.

Buckingham, Clay T. “Ethics and the Senior Officer; Institutional Tensions.” Parameters, Autumn 1985.-23-. 32.

Bunting, Josiah. “The Conscience of a Soldier,' December 1973, 6-11. Worldview,

Davenport. Manuel M. “Professionals or Hired Guns? Loyalties Are the Difference.” Army, May 1980, 13-14.

De George. Richard T. “The Need for a Military Code of Ethics.” Army, December 1984, 22-30.

Diehl, William F. “Ethics and Leadership: The Pursuit Continues.” Military Review, April 1985, 35-43.

Dunlap, Charles J. Jr., “The Origins of the American Military Coup of 2012.” Parameters, Winter 1992-1993, 2-20.

Dyck, Arthur J. “Ethical Bases of the Military Profession.” Parameters, March 1980, 39-46.

Ficarrotta, J. Carl. “Are Military Professionals Bound by a Higher Moral Standard?.  Armed Forces and Society Volume 24, Number 1 (Fall 1997); revised as “A Higher Moral Standard for the Military” in G. Lucas, editor, Ethics for Military Leaders, Fourth Edition, Pearson Publishing, 2001.

Grace. John J. “The Need to be More Professional--Whatever That Means.” Naval War College Review 27 (May/June 1975), 9-23.

Hartle, Anthony E. “Do Good People Make Better Warriors?” Army, August 1992, 20-23.

“The Ethical Odyssey of Oliver North.” Parameters 23 (Summer 1993): 28-33.

Helprin, Mark. “At Rest Between the Wars,” Assembly, March 1993, 18-22.

Hertling, Mark P. “Whence Values Come.” Military Review,December 1987, 16-23

Johnson, Kermit D. “Ethical Issues of Military Leadership. Parameters, 4. No. 2 (1974), 35-39.

Kirk. Russell. “The Necessity of Dogmas in Schooling.” Modern Age 22 (Winter 1978): 2-7.

Lewis, Philip, Karl Kuhnert, and Robert Maginnis. “Defining Character in Military Leaders.” In The Challenge of Military Leadership, edited by Lloyd J. Matthews and Dale E. Brown, 121-129. (Washington, D.C.: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1989).

Locke, Charles E. Jr. “Leadership Ethics: A Time for Reckoning.” Marine Corps Gazette, November 1990, 6162.

MacArthur, Douglas. 'Duty, Honor and Country.” Vital Speeches of the Day 28 (1 June 1962): 519-521.

Maginnis, Robert L. “A Chasm of Values.” Military Review. February 1993, 2-11.

Haloney, Samuel D. “Ethics Theory for the Military Professional.” Air University Review, Harch-April 1981, 63-71.

Marsh, John 0. “Values and the American Soldier.” Military Review, November 1986, 4-9.

Martz, Douglas A. “Professional Military Ethics.” Marine Corps Gazette. August 1990, 57-58.

Matthews, Lloyd J. “Is Ambition Unprofessional?” Army, July 1988, 28-37

“Resignation in Protest.” Army. January 1990, 12-21.

Meyer, Udward C. “Leadership: A Return to Basics.” Military Review, July 1980, 4-9.

“Professional Ethics Is Key to Well-Led, Trained Army.” Army, October 1980. 11-14.

“Morality.” U.S. News & World Report, 9 December 1985. 52-62.

Moskos, Charles. “Army Women.” The Atlantic. August 1990, 7078.

Riley, Don T. “Serve Your Soldiers to Win.” Military Review, November 1986, 10-19.

Smith, Everard H. “Chambersburg: Anatomy of a Confederate Reprisal.” The American Historical Review 96 (April 1991): 432-455.

Smith, Perry M. “Leadership at the Top--Insights for Aspiring Leaders.” Marine Corps Gazette, November 1990 33-39.

Sommers, Christina Hoff. “Teaching the Virtues.” The Public Interest. No. 111 (Spring 1993), 3-13.

Sonnenberg. Scott B. “A Philosophical Conflict: A Fighter Pilot's Views on the Ethics of Warfare.” Air University Review. July-August 1985, 14-23.

Sorley, Lewis. “Beyond Duty, Honor, Country.” Military Review. April 1987, 2-13.

“Competence as an Ethical Imperative.” Army, August 1982, 42-48.

“Doing What's Right: Shaping the Army's Professional. Environment.” Parameters, March 1989, 11-15,

Stockdale, James B. “Moral Leadership.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceeding, September 1980, 86-89.

“The World of Epictetus.” The Atlantic, April 1978, 98-106.

Swartz, James E. “Morality: A Leadership Imperative.” Military Review, September 1992, 77-83.

Taylor, Haxwell D. “A Do-It-Yourself Professional Code for the Military.” Parameters, December 1984, 10-15.

“A Professional Ethic for the Military?” Army, May.1978, 18-21.

Taylor, Porcher L. III. “Professional versus Personal Values.” Military Review, November 1986. 32-36.

Toner, James H. 'Teaching Military Ethics.” Military Review, May 1993, 33-40.

Truscott, Lucian K. III. “Honor Travels in a Strait So Narrow.' Army, August 1970, 57.

“Unspeakable.' Time, 22 February 1993, 48-50.

Vessey, John-W. Jr. “A Concept of Service.” Naval War College Review 37 (November-December 1984): 13-18.

Wenker, Kenneth H. “Morality and Military Obedience.” Air University-Review, July-August 1981, 76-83.

“Professional Military Ethics: An Attempt at Definition.” USAFA - Journal of Professional Military Ethics 1 (April 1980): 23-28.

“What Price Honor?” Time, 7 June 1976, 18-30.

Wolfe, Tom. “The Meaning of Freedom.” Parameters. March 1988, 2-14.



Atkinson, Rick. The Long Gray Line. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1989.

Axinn, Sidney. A Moral Military. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

Brennan, Joseph G. Foundations of Moral Obligation: The Stockdale Course. Newport, RI: Naval War College Press, 1992.

Bunting, Josiah. The Lionheads. New York: Braziller, 1972.

Callahan, Daniel, and Sissela Bok. Ethics Teaching in Higher Education. New York: Plenum Press. 1980.

Carhart, Tom. The Offerinq. New York: Morrow, 1987.

Christopher, Paul. The Ethics of War And Peace. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. 1994.

Cohen, Eliot A., and John Gooch. Military Misfortunes. New York: Vintage, 1991.

Cook, Martin L.  The Moral Warrior: Ethics and Service in the U.S. Military.  Albany:  SUNY Press, 2004.

Donovan, David (pseudonym]. Once a Warrior Kinq. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1985.

Fehrenbach. T. R. This Kind of War. New York: Pocket Books, 1964.

Ficarrotta, J. Carl. Kantian Thinking About Military Ethics. Farnham: Ashgate Press, 2010.

Ford, Daniel. Incident at Muc Wa. Garden City. NY: Doubleday, 1967.

Fotion, Nicholas and Coppieters, Bruno, editors.  Moral Constraints on War.  Lanham, Maryland:  Lexington Books, 2002.

Fotion, Nicholas. Military Ethics: Looking Toward the Future. Stanford, CA: Hoover Press, 1990.

Fotion, Nicholas and Elfstrom, G. Military Ethics: Guidelines for Peace and War. Boston: Routledge & K. Paul, 1986.

Frankl, Viktor E. Man's Search for Meaning. 3d ed. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1984.

Hackett, Sir John W. I Was a Stranger. New York: Berkley, 1987.

Hackett, Sir John W. The Profession of Arms. New York: Macmillan, 1983.

Hadley, Arthur. The Straw Giant. New York: Random House, 1986.

Hartle, Anthony. Moral Issues in Military Decision Making. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1989.

Heinlein, Robert A. Starship Troopers. New York: Ace Books, 1987.

Herbert, Anthony B., and James T. Wooten. Soldier. New York: Dell. 1973.

Huie, William B. The Execution of Private Slovik. New York: Signet. 1954.

Huntington, Samuel P. The Soldier and the State. New York: Vintage, 1957.

Janowitz, Morris. The Professional Soldier. New York: The Free Press, 1971.

Jones, Bruce E. War Without Windows. New York: Berkley. 1987.

Kilpatrick, William K. Why Johnny Can't Tell Right from Wrong. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1992.

Kirk, Russell. Decadence and Renewal in the Higher Learninq. South Bend, IN, Gateway, 1978.

Larrabee, Eric. Commander in Chief. New York: Harper & Row. 1987.

Lewis, C. S. The Abolition of Man. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

Lippmann, Walter. Essays in The Public Philosophy. New York: New American Library, 1955.

Marshall, S.L.A. The Officer as a Leader. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole. 1966.

Matthews, Lloyd J., and Dale E. Brown, eds. The Challenge of Military Leadership. Washington, D.C. Pergammon-Brassey's, 1989.

McMahan, Jeff.  Killing in War. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009.

Military Ethics. Washington. D.C.: National Defense University Press, 1987.

Moore, Harold G., and Joseph L. Galloway. We Were Soldiers Once--and Young. New York: Random House, 1992.

Moral Obligation and the Military: Collected Essays. Washington. D.C.: National Defense University, 1988.

Myrer, Anton. Once an Eagle. New York: Berkley, 1968.

Nardin, Terry.  The Ethics of War and Peace: Religious and Secular Perspectives.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press, 1996.

Orend, Brian. The Morality of War.  Broadview Press, 2006.

Reichberg, Gregory; Henrik Syse & Endre Begby, eds.  The Ethics of War: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Rhodes, Bill. An Introduction to Military Ethics: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues).  Praeger, 2009.

Roche, George. A World Without Heroes. Hillsdale. MI: Hillsdale College Press, 1987.

Rowe, James N. Five Years to Freedom. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971.

Sandin, Robert T. The Rehabilitation of Virtue: Foundations of Moral Education. New York: Praeger, 1992.

Seabury, Paul, and Angelo Codevilla. War: Ends & Means. NewYork Basic Books, 1989.

Silber, John. Straight Shooting. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Singlaub, John K., and Malcolm McConnell. Hazardous Duty. New York:.Summit, 1991.

Stein, Jeff. A Murder in Wartime. New York; St. Martin's 1992.

Stromberg, Peter L., Malham M. Wakin. and Daniel Callahan. The Teaching of Ethics in the Military. Hastings on Hudson. NY: Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences, 1982.

Taylor, Robert L., and William E. Rosenbach, eds. Military Leadership, 2d ed. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.

The Teaching of Ethics in Higher Education. Hastings-on-Hudson. NY: The Hastings Center, 1980.

Toner, James H. The American Military Ethic: A Meditation. New York:Praeger, 1992.

Toner, James H.. The Sword and the Cross: Reflections on Command and Conscience. New York: Praeger, 1992.

Toner, James H. True Faith and Allegiance: The Burden of Military Ethics. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

Wakin, Malham M., ed. War, Morality, and the Military Profession. 2d ed. Boulder: Westview Press. 1986.

Wakin, Malham M.  Integrity First: Reflections of a Military Philosopher.  Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2000.

Walzer, Michael. Just and Unjust Wars. 2d ed. New York: Basic Books. 1977

Wilson, George C. Mud Soldiers. New York: Scribner's, 1989.

Wilson, James Q. The Moral Sense. New York: Three Press, 1993.

Wilson, James Q. On Character. Washington. D.C.: The AEI Press, 1991.

Zupan, Daniel.  War, Morality and Autonomy: An Investigation in Just War Theory. Ashgate Press, 2004.